Parenthood is the process of raising children emotionally, physically, and intellectually. It is a role of taking care and protect a child naturally. All parents’ act is to nurture, love, provide and contribute to the development of children or a child. Parents are like a caretaker of their child. The first and foremost lovable caretakers are father and mother. Besides father and mother, elder siblings, grand-parents are also just like our parents. Now we have a role of child-rearing.
In many cases, orphans, abandoned children receive love and care from their non-parents. There is always a positive relationship between a child and a parent, whether they are biological parents or non-biological parents. The researchers assume that those who are non-biological parents like an adopted child, their love is more likely than biological parents. Parenting skills are of various ways, like a non-biological parent or surrogate with good skill of parenting may be referred as a good parent. There is a bidirectional stream of influence between parents and children. Children of impatient parents react with distress.
The different parenting styles
Culture and income play a major role in parenting. Giving good education, social cultures is highly valuable for a child, and parents must be conscious of it. Children living in slums have a disadvantage in schooling, communities, and cultures.
There are different style of parenting-
• Authoritative parenting
• Authoritarian parenting styles
• Permissive parenting
• Uninvolved parenting
Authoritative parenting –combines mixed-level demands. These parents punish infrequently. Here, parents are very much aware of a child’s feelings and capabilities. There is a balance of respect, love, and care for each other. This parenting is more beneficial for a child and also for parents.
Authoritarian Parenting styles- This style of parenting is very much rigid. Here parents are highly demanding of their children. These parents give some set of rules and regulations to their children. If the rules are not followed, then the child will get punished. Punishments strongly handle this parenting style.
Permissive Parenting– It is a more popular method of parenting in middle-class society or families. Here, parents like to give freedom, but they have some fear within. But by the good explanation and reasoning, they give freedom to their child. Here, parents are non-demanding, and less punishment is involved. Children of these parents are generally happy.
Uninvolved Parenting.- This style is, however, a very neglectful style of parenting. Here, parents are emotionally absent. The lack of communication trends no expectations. In this style of parenting, parents are not so responsible towards their child/children. This leads to a huge gap between parents and children.
When a child becomes an adult, he/she thinks himself /herself that they can lead their life alone and no parenting is needed, but parenting doesn’t end at the age of 18 of a child. Parental support is necessary throughout the life of a child. So finally, parents play a huge role in shaping a child’s future.